The Renaissance – 1400-1600
Italy became the leader in the European aromatic oils. The Italian influence swept through France with the help of marriage Caterina De Medici to France’s Prince Henri II. At this time the French aromatic oils and perfumes became popular and extravagant. The French used fragrance for all. By the 16th century many of the oils in use today have been isolated and distilled for general use. At this time perfume and aromatic oils moved away from its original religious and medicinal practices and became a symbol of extravagance and luxury. In the 16th century Europeans believed bathing was unhealthy, and perfumes were used to achieve offensive body odor. In the 18th century the French discovered the TB bacillus could be killed by clove oil, and thyme helped rid typhus bacteria so dominant at the time of
Golden Age -. 1600 -1700
known as the golden age of English herbalists 1600s gave us a lot Astrologer doctor, Nicholas Culpepper and herbalist, John Parkinson. At this time was divided between herbalists and traditional doctors. Both were known to use essential oils if herbalists use essential oils less than herbs. The dosage for essential oils had been established by this time the need for dilution and methods of application clearly known. The healing properties of essential oils were recognized.
The general use of essential oils and aromatics plant health was established. With the return of bubonic plague demand for aromatic oils significantly increased. It was the great plagues Toulouse (1628-1631) as the recipe was reported about four thieves caught stealing from plague victims. This began the story of the Four Thieves which was recorded in the archives of the Toulouse Parliament. To phrase their way to thieves reported secret recipe after they were hanged. Over the next few centuries essential oils were identified and their characteristics and applications were registered.
In 1868 the first synthetic fragrance oils were produced. These synthetic fragrances were unsuitable for therapeutic use. In 1887, Parisian doctor’s first modern documented studies of antiseptic properties of essential oils. Research Chamberland confirmed that essential oils kill viruses, bacteria and fungus. Before WWII essential oil research attracted as much research attention as conventional medicine. Nobel prizes were awarded Otto Wallach and Adolf von Baeyer for their contribution in essential oil research. Then chemists began to isolate the active ingredients within aromatic plants and then produced synthetically. Since this science became more sophisticated herbs and essential oils were replaced by synthetic drugs. It was found that the chemical agents, who worked with the stronger, could be produced more easily and were cheaper.